Providing comprehensive Gastrointestinal care to North and North-West Houston

Upper GI Endoscopy (EGD)

EGD is a visual examination of the upper intestinal tract using a lighted, flexible, thin, fiber-optic endoscope. The upper GI tract begins with the mouth and continues with the esophagus or food pipe which deilvers food to the stomach. The stomach secretes a potent acid and churns food into small particles. The food then enters the duodenum, or small bowel, where bile from the liver and digestive fluid from the pancreas mix to help the digestive process.

When should I get an EGD?

For various reasons related to diet, environment, genetics, and infection, the upper GI tract is the site of numerous disorders. Upper GI endoscopy helps in diagnosing, and often in treating, these conditions:

  • Ulcers, which can develop in the esophagus, stomach or duodenum and occasionally can be malignant.
  • Tumors of the stomach or esophagus.
  • Difficulty in swallowing.
  • Upper abdominal pain or indigestion.
  • Intestinal bleeding, hidden or massive bleeding can occur for various reasons.
  • Heartburn causing esophagitis or chronic inflammation of the esophagus due to a reflux of stomach acid and digestive fluids. This can lead to Barrett’s esophagus, a precancerous condition of the esophagus.
  • Gastritis or inflammation of the lining of the stomach.

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